Conducting pachymetry mapping 1 day after Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) can help predict early graft detachment, according to findings published in Cornea. Increased local corneal thickness was also associated with detachment, the report shows. Investigators also built prediction models that demonstrated good to excellent performance, and could aid in identifying patients at risk for graft detachment, enabling tailored postoperative care.
To evaluate the predictive value of pachymetry mapping 1 day after DMEK as a biomarker for early graft detachment, the investigators conducted a post hoc analysis of 65 pseudophakic adult patients with Fuchs endothelial dystrophy who underwent DMEK between December 2018 and April 2021. The study was part of the Advanced Visualization In Corneal Surgery Evaluation international multicenter randomized controlled trial (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03763721).
Patients underwent anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) imaging (1 eye per patient) preoperatively and 1 day postoperatively. Pachymetry mapping using a grid comprising 25 zones, measurement of corneal thickness, and evaluation of graft detachment were conducted for each patient. The investigators developed 2 prediction models, a regression model and a model based on absolute corneal thickness.
A total of 65 eyes were analyzed. Of those, 33 eyes developed graft detachment. The mean time from surgery to detection of detachment was 7.54 days (range, 1-32). Preoperatively, no significant differences in corneal thickness was observed between the groups (P = .221). In corneal zones with a detached graft, corneal thickness was significantly increased compared with corneal zones with an attached graft (P < .001).
The investigators demonstrated that the regression prediction model had an area under the curve of 0.87 (sensitivity, 0.79; specificity, 0.75), and the absolute corneal thickness cutoff model reached 0.65 (sensitivity, 0.63; specificity, 0.63).
Limitations of the study included that the post hoc analysis was part of a trial that was not powered for corneal thickness as an outcome measure; a considerable proportion of the corneal thickness measurements were missing; and 2 different imaging systems were used to measure corneal thickness.
Muijzer MB, Noordmans HJ, Delbeke H, et al. Establishing a biomarker for the prediction of short-term graft detachment after Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty. Cornea. February 19, 2022. doi:10.1097/ICO.0000000000003006