James W. Hoekstra

All articles by James W. Hoekstra

Risk Stratification of the ACS Patient in the Emergency Department and Initial Medical Therapy

I. Acute Coronary Syndrome: What every physician needs to know Heart disease, which includes acute coronary syndromes (ACS), is the leading cause of death in the United States. Chest pain is a common complaint in patients at primary care offices, emergency departments, and inpatient medical services. However, the majority of patients with chest pain will…

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